YWCA of Tulsa
racial justice and civil rights

Affirmative Action

State Question 759

Update: On November 6, 2012, Oklahomans voted to pass SQ759. While we are deeply disappointed by this outcome, we maintain our position in support of equal opportunity, and maintain this page as a resource and reference.

Oklahoma women and people of color face some of the greatest inequities in higher education and the workplace. Our legislators' solution? End policies that help ensure equal opportunity for women and people of color.

On the presidential ballot on Tuesday, November 6th 2012, Oklahomans will vote on SQ 759. This ballot issue addresses affirmative action in public business, education, and contracting. The misleading and disingenuous language of the question may lead people to believe they are voting to address inequality, when in fact, they are voting against affirmative action.

YWCA Tulsa advocates upholding equal opportunity for women and people of color, and encourages justice-minded Oklahomans to vote NO on SQ 759


Resources on Affirmative Action


USLegal: Affirmative Action Law and Legal Definitions

The Free Dictionary: Definition of Affirmative Action

Stanford: Encyclopedia of Philosophy


African American Policy Forum: Focus On Affirmative Action. An amazing text and audio series that examines some of the myths and facts surrounding affirmative action.

National Organization of Women: Talking About Affirmative Action

Understanding Prejudice: “The Reading Room: Ten Myths About Affirmative Action

Myth: Affirmative Action is reverse discrimination, Fact: Affirmative Action is compensatory justice. A strong argument against the view that affirmative action is reverse discrimination.


Diversity Data:  “Metropolitan Quality of Life Data.” Allows you to examine race/ethnicity data (including information surrounding race and economic opportunity) for metropolitan areas, including Tulsa and Oklahoma City.

Princeton University News Release: “Ending Affirmative Action Would Devastate Most Minority College Enrollment.” Gives data surrounding impact of eliminating affirmative action in California.

History of Affirmative Action

ACLU: Affirmative Action. Information about the history and importance of affirmative action.

The Leadership Conference: Civil Rights 101 - Affirmative Action

National Organize for Women: “The Origins of Affirmative Action


BAMN: Coalition to Defend Affirmative Action, Integration, and Immigrant Rights and Fight For Equality By Any Means Necessary. Has a variety of resources for organizing around affirmative action.

The Leadership Conference: Equal Opportunity. A collection of resources regarding equal opportunity.

American Association for Affirmative Action

Report: Investigating the Defeat of Colorado’s Amendment 46

News Articles & Editorials

White Liberals Have White Privilege Too!: Ten misunderstandings white liberals have about race.”

Boston Globe: “At The Elite Colleges - Dim White Kids

Don’t Call It Affirmative Action.” A look at the importance of affirmative action by one Newsweek writer.

Affirmative Action for White Men?” A white male’s position on affirmative action.

Perspectives on Psychological Science: “Whites See Racism as a Zero-Sum Game That They Are Now Losing


ProCon.org: Does the US need affirmative action?

Anti-Affirmative Action Perspectives

David Duke: “Affirmative Action is Racist!” Video commentary by founder and Grand Wizard of the Louisiana-based Knights of the Ku Klux Klan and former Republican Louisiana State Representative.

Adveristy.net “A Civil Rights Organization for Colorblind Justice”

The Case Against Affirmative Action. Louis P. Pojman provides a multi-tiered argument against affirmative action.